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ROHS认证

ROHS认证
ROHS认证简介

欧盟于2006年7月1日确定电子电气产品的铅(影响中枢神经系统及肾脏系统)、镉(因肾脏病变引发痛痛病)、汞(影响中枢神经及肾脏系统)、镉(造成肾脏衰竭)、六价铬(遗传性基因缺陷)四种重金属、聚溴二苯醚(PBDE)和聚溴联苯(PBB)等阻燃剂(致癌及胎儿畸型)两种溴化物阻燃剂有害物质禁用。许多关际大厂均要求供应商今年底前完成其规定,2005年为缓冲期,厂商必须表示正持续进行改善,否则将丧失商机。

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ROHS申请程序

1

与JCT业务人员联系

2

确定与JCT合作

3

提供认证样品及原材料的检测报告

4

对样品进行检测与整合

5

出报告


欧盟ROHS法规具体要求

六种有害物质限值 
一、镉的法规要求:
1、欧盟:
ROHS,91/338/EEC,94/62/EC,76/769/EEC  Limit=100ppm
瑞典:Limit=75ppm(mg/Kg)
丹麦:Limit=75ppm(mg/Kg)
瑞士:Limit=100ppm(mg/Kg)
荷兰:Limit=100ppm(mg/Kg)
2、ROHS豁免项:除了91/338/EEC禁止使用的产品除外,生产设备、机器等产品的电镀镉可以豁免。
二、铅的法规要求:
1、欧盟:
76/769/EEC,89/677/EEC:禁止使用
94/62/EC:<100ppm
ROHS:<1000ppm
2、ROHS豁免项:
玻璃:如荧光管etc.
合金:钢合金中铅含量<0.35%(3500ppm);
玻璃:如荧光管etc.
合金:钢合金中铅含量<0.35%(3500ppm);
铝中铅含量<0.4%(4000ppm);
铜合金中铅含量<4%(40000ppm)
焊锡:高温融化的焊料中的铅(即锡铅焊料合金中铅含量超过85%);
用于服务器、存储器和存储系统的焊料中的铅(豁免准予至2010年)
用于交换、信号和传输,以及电信网络管理的网络基础设施设备中焊料中的铅;
电子陶瓷产品中的铅如压电陶瓷。
3、ROHS豁免听证项:
光学玻璃及护目镜可以使用铅及镉;
两个以上焊接口之微处理器封装跟其针头,可使用铅占85%比重的锡铅焊料,唯其期限到2010年;
溶解度较高的含铅焊料(如锡铅焊合金有85%的铅)及任何需要低温焊接以完成电力接驳的焊料。
三、汞的法规要求:
1、欧盟:
76/769/EEC,89/677/EEC:禁止使用;
94/62/EC:<100ppm;
ROHS:<1000ppm。
2、ROHS豁免项: 荧光灯及灯具。
四、六价铬的法规要求:

1、欧盟: 

76/769/EEC:禁止使用;
94/62/EC:<100ppm;
ROHS:<1000ppm。
1999/179/EEC,2002/EEC:<10ppm
2、ROHS豁免项:
碳钢中的防腐剂,电冰箱制冷剂中的防腐剂。
3、六价铬的注意点:对金属件及其电镀件样品,测试的是样品表面的六价铬,因此其浓度计算方法有两种。
按照JIS H8625标准,计算单位面积含量。取约100cm2样品测试;该方法要求>10ug/100cm2
按照某些公司标准,计算电镀层中含量.
五、溴化阻燃剂的法规要求:
1、溴化阻燃剂包括:多溴联苯(PBBS) ;多溴联苯醚(PBDES,PBBES,PBDOS。)
2、应用范围:印刷电路板,塑料及涂层中耐燃剂,电线电缆,树脂类电子元件。
3、欧盟国家:
ROHS:<1000ppm;
76/769/EEC,83/264/ EEC:禁止使用;
2003/11/EEC:禁止使用。


What Is RoHS Compliant?

RoHS is the shortened term for the "Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment," or commonly "Restriction of Hazardous Substances." It is a directive adopted by member countries of the European Union in 2004 controlling the the use of six hazardous materials in the manufacturing of electronic equipment. It is closely linked with the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive, also known as WEEE.

Substances

·  The substances covered by RoHS are lead, cadmium, mercury and hexavalent chromium metals, as well as polybrominated biphenyl and polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants. They are controlled because they are dangerous to manufacturer employees and recyclers--they are also considered polluting to the environment if not disposed of properly. To be in compliance with RoHS, products must not exceed set amounts of any of these substances in their composition. 


Concentrations of RoHS Substances

·  Products which exceed set amounts of the chemicals covered in RoHS are not in compliance with European law. Lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers must not exceed a maximum concentration level of 0.10 percent. Cadmium is prohibited from exceeding a maximum concentration of 0.01 percent.

Examples of Products Containing RoHS Substances

·  Some products which typically contain RoHS restricted substances include: solders, PVC cable covers for electronic equipment, pigments, paints, fuses, glass, washers, switches, lamps and light bulbs. Even if a product does not contain excessive amounts of a RoHS substance overall, a single component within the product can cause the product to fail compliance standards by testing too high.

RoHS Compliance Testing

·  Companies which specialize in testing products for RoHS compliance levels use X-ray fluorescence spectrometers in their analysis. They work by sending out an intense X-ray beam and exciting atoms within the target. X-rays are reflected back from the sample along a spectrum of wavelengths characteristic of the types of atoms present in the sample, giving the tester a reading of the amount of each material in a product.

Non-Compliance

·  Non-compliance to RoHS standards or failing to comply with requests for documentation can result in serious fines, sanctions or prosecution. Penalties vary from country to country, but can include steep fines and products being denied for export. In Ireland, Poland and several other countries, non-compliance with RoHS can be punishable by a prison term.

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